## Abstract

It has often been observed that inertial waves in rotating flows can interact nonlinearly to create a mean geostrophic motion due to a streaming effect. This

mean geostrophic flow has a large effect in rotating flows since it changes the base flow and thereby detunes all the possible resonances. However, in a

cylinder, inviscid Kelvin modes (KM) are known theoretically to create \emph{no} mean geostrophic motion by nonlinear coupling. It was thus assumed that

the observed geostrophic flow relies on viscous effects in the Ekman boundary layers together with nonlinear interaction. We present here a simple flow

configuration where both the KM and the geostrophic flow can be quantified in order to analyse this mechanism in detail. We have studied the case of a KM

forced by precession. This allows to reach a very large amplitude of the KM at the resonance, even for small precession angles. PIV measurements are

compared to numerical simulations. The profiles of mean azimuthal velocity are studied in the laminar and in the turbulent case. They seem to be correlated

to the profiles of velocity of the forced KM. The amplitude of the geostrophic flow seems to agree with the viscous nonlinear theory which predicts that it

scales as the square of the forced KM's amplitude.

mean geostrophic flow has a large effect in rotating flows since it changes the base flow and thereby detunes all the possible resonances. However, in a

cylinder, inviscid Kelvin modes (KM) are known theoretically to create \emph{no} mean geostrophic motion by nonlinear coupling. It was thus assumed that

the observed geostrophic flow relies on viscous effects in the Ekman boundary layers together with nonlinear interaction. We present here a simple flow

configuration where both the KM and the geostrophic flow can be quantified in order to analyse this mechanism in detail. We have studied the case of a KM

forced by precession. This allows to reach a very large amplitude of the KM at the resonance, even for small precession angles. PIV measurements are

compared to numerical simulations. The profiles of mean azimuthal velocity are studied in the laminar and in the turbulent case. They seem to be correlated

to the profiles of velocity of the forced KM. The amplitude of the geostrophic flow seems to agree with the viscous nonlinear theory which predicts that it

scales as the square of the forced KM's amplitude.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Number of pages | 1 |

Publication status | Published - 2014 |

Event | Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics 2014 - Moscone (West) Convention Center, San Francisco, United States of America Duration: 23 Nov 2014 → 25 Nov 2014 |

### Conference

Conference | Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics 2014 |
---|---|

Country/Territory | United States of America |

City | San Francisco |

Period | 23/11/14 → 25/11/14 |